Name of Organization

Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami (HUJI) (Movement of Islamic Holy War)

 

Formation

 

1980- HUJI was formed by the Jamaat-ul-Ulema-e-Islami and Tabligh-i-Jamaat in 1980 to fight Jihad against Soviet forces in Afghanistan.[1]

1989- It originated by the name Jamiat Ansarul Afghaneen that merged with a militant group Harkat-ul-Mujahideen to form Harkat-ul-Ansar in 1989.[2]

1997- After Harkat-ul-Ansar was designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization by USA it was renamed as Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami in 1997 while, in the areas of Bangladesh it is operated with the name of HUJI Bangladesh (HUJI-B). [3]

 

Leadership

 

Founder and Leader: Qari Saifullah Akhtar[4]

1958- Qari Saifullah Akhtar is born in 1958 in South Waziristan.[5] He is a graduate of Banuri Masid in Karachi.[6]

Qari Saifullah Akhtar is a militant leader and has established close association with Osama bin Laden and Taliban headed by Mullah Omar.[7]

1995- He was involved in a plot to overthrow the Pakistani government and was arrested in an attempt to assassinate senior military leaders.[8]

1999- He was released from detention as the charges against him were dismissed.[9]

2004- Akhtar was arrested in U.A.E and deported to Pakistan for his attempts of assassinating Pervaiz Musharraf in December 2003 and was released in 2007.[10]

2007- He has been involved in the assassination of Benazir Bhutto.[11]

2008- He was brought before the court and alleged for his involvement in the suicide attack on Bhutto on March 20, 2008  and was released on June 8, 2008 due to lack of evidence.[12] It have been implied that Qari Saifullah Akhtar along with the leader of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Qari Muhammad Zafar, are the mastermind behind September 20 bombing at Marriot Hotel in Islamabad.[13]

 

 

Chief Commander: Muhammad Ilyas Kashmiri.

 05Kashmiri-1307197530027-articleInline.jpg

Muhammad Ilyas Kashmiri was reported to be killed by a U.S drone attack in June 2011[14] while later other sources confirm that he is still alive and active on the borders of Pakistan and Afghanistan[15]

 

Operations Chief: Shahid Bilal[16]

 

Leader of Hyderabad Cell: Tariq Qasmi[17]

 

School of thought/ Classification

 

Deoband Sunni

 

Ideology

 

HUJI now fights for the liberation of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) form India.[18] It achieves its goals through an extremist agenda of jihad.[19] HUJI-B operating in Bangladesh are targeting progressive intellectuals and issued a slogan “Amra Sobai Hobo Taliban, Bangla Hobe Afghanistan (We will all become Taliban and we will turn Bangladesh into Afghanistan)”.[20]

 

Framework

 

HUJI has a strong network in the western state of India, Uthar Pradesh and a wide network of seminaries in Pakistan.[21] There are 30 seminaries established in the area of Korangi and 18 in other areas of Karachi.[22] The seminaries of HUJI are also present in Chechnya (Xinxiang), Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.[23]

In Pakistan the branch offices of HUJI are located in 40 districts and tehsils of Islamabad, Sargodha, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan , Khanpur, Gujranwala, Mianwali, Gujrat, Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Kohat, Swabi and Peshawar.[24]

 

Financial resources

 

 

This organization receives direct support from Al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden. According to some allegations this organization is also receiving funding from international Islamic NGOs and some madrassas operating in Pakistan.[25] Information about the alleged NGOs and madrassas is not available.

 

HUJI leaders have accounts in two branches of Allied Bank in Islamabad and also generate funds from their more than 40 branch offices in Pakistan.[26]

 

Recruitment tools & demographics

 

HUJI depends on their recruiting resources to support their operations. They allegedly recruit children, to be used as messengers.[27] In November 2009, five Americans were arrested in Sargodha; they were recruited by Qari Saifullah Akhtar through internet to Al Qaeda in North Waziristan.[28]

The training camps of HUJI are located in Kandahar, Kabul and Khost.[29]

 

Connections & linkages

 

Chief of HUJI, Ilyas Kashmiri is also main operational commander of Al-Qaeda.[30] It is closely linked to Al-Qaeda and the Taliban.[31] HUJI has provided fighters to Taliban in Afghanistan. The members of this group are trained at the training camps of Al-Qaeda.[32]

HUJI has been merged with its splinter group Harkat ul-Mujahideen forming Harkat ul-Ansar. Harkat ul-Ansar is now operating with the name of Harkat il-Mujahideen, Jaish-e-Muhammad and Mujahideen-E-Tanzeem.[33]

 

Areas of Operation

 

The group operates primarily in Pakistan, Bangladesh and India.[34]It also operates in other nations; Afghanistan, Arakan-Burma, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.[35]

 

Tools 

 

Print Media:
N/A

 

Youtube:

 

www.youtube.com/watch?v=bW1Q4jgH8e4

 


Facebook: 
N/A

Twitter: 
N/A

 

Name Variations

Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami was formerly known as:

1.      Jamiat Ansarul Afghaneen

2.      Harkat-ul-Mujahideen

3.      Harkat-ul-Ansar

Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami is also referred to by the following names:

1.      Harkat ul Jihad e Islami Bangladesh (HUJI-B)

2.      Harkat ul Jihad al Islam

3.      Harkat ul Jihad

4.      Islami Dawat-e-Kafela (IDEK)[36]

 

Who they are:

Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami is a militant group, operational in Bangladesh, Pakistan and India. It has been assisted by the Al-Qaeda in its operations as well as by the Taliban.[37]

History:

It was formed in 1980 during the Afghan/Soviet war, by the name Jamiat Ansarul Afghaneen (JAA). Towards the end of the Afghanistan war, it altered its strategy and now fights for the freedom of the Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir against the Indian forces.[38]

Organization’s Message:

HUJI aims at liberating Kashmir from the influence of Indians by fighting against the Indian Army.

Target Audience:

HUJI aims at targeting youth for recruitment through social media forums.[39].

Tools:

HUJI uses online tools by disseminating their videos on social media. There are reports that HUJI leader Akhtar has recruited five Americans through the recruitment videos available on Youtube.[40]

Youtube:

Untitled.png

www.youtube.com/watch?v=bW1Q4jgH8e4

Splinter Groups:

Harkat ul-Mujahideen


 

[3]Ibid

[5] Qari Saifullah Akhtar. Global Jihad. Accessed online from: http://www.globaljihad.net/?p=3393 Date of access: May 21, 2015

[6] Editiorial: Significance of Qari Saifullah akhtar’s arrest. (August 9, 2004). Daily Times. Accessed online from: http://archives.dailytimes.com.pk/editorial/09-Aug-2004/editorial-significance-of-qari-saifullah-akhtar-s-arrest Date of access: May 21, 2015

[7] Accessed online from: http://www.historycommons.org/entity.jsp?entity=qari_saifullah_akhtar_1 Date of access: May 21, 2015

[8] Bill Rogio, (September 25, 2008). Al Qaeda suspects emerge in Islamabad Marriot attacks. The Long War Journal. Accessed online from: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2008/09/al_qaeda-linked_suspects_emerge_in_islamabad_marriott_attacks.php Date of access: May 21, 2015

[9] Ibid

[10] Ibid

[11] Qari Saifullah Akhtar. Global Jihad. Accessed online from: http://www.globaljihad.net/?p=3393 Date of access May 21, 2015

[12] Amir Mir. (December 28, 2010). Karsaz attack suspects resurfaces in Punjab. The News. Accessed online from: http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-2-22616-Karsaz-attack-suspect-resurfaces-in-Punjab Date of access: May 21, 2015

[13] Ibid

[14] Ilyas Kashmiri killed in drone strike. The Express Tribune. Retrieved from: http://tribune.com.pk/story/182247/drone-strike-kills-five-in-south-waziristan-officials/

[17]Ibid.

[18]FAS; Intelligence Resource Program. Harakat-ul-Jihad-i-Islami (HUJI), (Movement of Islamic Holy War). Retrieved from: http://fas.org/irp/world/para/huji.htm

[20] South Asia Terrorism Portal. Accessed online from: http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/pakistan/terroristoutfits/HUJI.HTM Date of access: May 21, 2015

[22] Editiorial: Significance of Qari Saifullah akhtar’s arrest. (August 9, 2004). Daily Times. Accessed online from: http://archives.dailytimes.com.pk/editorial/09-Aug-2004/editorial-significance-of-qari-saifullah-akhtar-s-arrest Date of access: May 21, 2015

[23] Bill Rogio, (September 25, 2008). Al Qaeda suspects emerge in Islamabad Marriot attacks. The Long War Journal. Accessed online from: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2008/09/al_qaeda-linked_suspects_emerge_in_islamabad_marriott_attacks.php Date of access: May 21, 2015

[24] Ibid

[26] Editiorial: Significance of Qari Saifullah akhtar’s arrest. (August 9, 2004). Daily Times. Accessed online from: http://archives.dailytimes.com.pk/editorial/09-Aug-2004/editorial-significance-of-qari-saifullah-akhtar-s-arrest Date of access: May 21, 2015

[28] Bill Rogio, (September 25, 2008). Al Qaeda suspects emerge in Islamabad Marriot attacks. The Long War Journal. Accessed online from: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2008/09/al_qaeda-linked_suspects_emerge_in_islamabad_marriott_attacks.php Date of access: May 21, 2015

[29] Ibid

[32] Designations of Harkat-ul Jihad Islami (HUJI) and its leader Muhammad Ilyas Kashmiri. U.S. Department of State Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2010/08/145779.htm

[33] South Asia Terrorism Portal. Retrieved from: http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/jandk/terrorist_outfits/harkatul_mujahideen.htm

[34]Refworld. “Country Reports on Terrorism 2013 – Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Harakat-ul-Jihad-i-Islami/Bangladesh”. Retrieved from: http://www.refworld.org/docid/5362298b14.html

[36]Refworld. “Country Reports on Terrorism 2013 – Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Harakat-ul-Jihad-i-Islami/Bangladesh”. Retrieved from: http://www.refworld.org/docid/5362298b14.html

[39] Ibid

[40] Ibid

[41]Global Security Org.  Military. “Jamiat Ulema-e-Islami. Assembly of Islamic Clergy”. Retrieved from: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/pakistan/jui.htm

[42]Dietrich Reetz, Sűfî spirituality fires reformist zeal: The Tablîghî Jamâ‘at in today's India and Pakistan, Archives de sciences sociales des religions [En ligne], 135 | juillet - septembre 2006, mis en ligne le 01 septembre 2009, consulté le 29 novembre 2014. p 33.