Name of Organization   Haji Namdar Group/ Amar Bin Maroof Wa Nahi Munkir (which means, Promotion of Virtue and Suppression of Vice)[1]

 

Formation  

From the given information, it can be assumed that the outfit was created along with another militant outfit “Lashkar e Islam” in 2004 by Haji Namdar in District Baara (Federally Administered Tribal Areas) FATA. The aim was to implement Sharia Law in the region as well as helping Taliban in their fight against US in Afghanistan[2].

 

Leadership   Leader/Founder: Haji Namdar

Haji Namdar was closely related to Taliban and was a vivid believer in the Salafi segment of Islam. Namdar was born in Tirah valley (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) but moved to Saudi Arabia later. No information is available regarding what his activities were in Saudi Arabia[3]. After returning to Tirah Valley in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa from Saudi Arabia, Namdar set about implementing laws similar the Ministry for the Suppression of Vice and the endorsement of Virtue in Taliban-run Afghanistan[4]. Later, he was hired by the Taliban and al-Qaeda as their point man to assist them in establishing a footing in the Khyber Agency, so that they could easily attack the NATO supply lines in Border areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan[5]. Taliban with the help of Namdar carried out several attacks on NATO supply lines. He was considered as the top enemy of NATO forces[6]. Moreover, he was also amongst the founding fathers of “Lashkar e Islam”[7].

In 2008, Namdar switched sides and turned against the Taliban for a reward of US$150,000 by US on ensuring the arrests of various Taliban leaders. His move caused uproar in Taliban and various extremist organizations operating in FATA[8]. He was attacked various times by Taliban and the leader of “Lashkar e Islam” Mangal Bagh for betraying the fraternity, but he was not killed[9]. Finally in August 2008, he was killed by unknown gunmen after they attacked the headquarters of his Vice and Virtue Movement[10]

 

School of Thought   Salafi Islam

Salafis are a segment of Muslims that believe in following the fundamentals of Islam, according to their specific interpretation. The word 'Salafi' comes up from the Arabic phrase, 'as-salaf as-saliheen', which means the first three generations of Muslims. Easily identifiable from their characteristic long beards, white robes and head scarfs, Salafis are considered to be socially and religiously conservative[11]. Haji Namdar Group has adopted violent means to implement their interpretation of strict Sharia laws in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).

 

Structure of the Organization  

After his death, no reports have surfaced regarding Namdar’s group. Members of the outfit have joined the massive 180,000 force of “Lashkar e Islam”.[12]

 

Financial Resources  

No concrete information is available regarding the financial resources of the organization.

 

Status  

Proscribed on June 30th 2008.[13]

The organization was banned by Pakistan’s interior ministry for their involvement in criminal activities in tribal areas[14]

 

Recruitment tools & demographics  

The outfit operated illegal FM radio station to promote their ideology, while also focused on security and resolving tribal enmities to win support.[15]

 

Ideology  

Implementation of Shariah law in Khyber Agency and helping the Taliban in Afghanistan in their fight against the US and coalition forces.

 

Areas of Operation   Haji Namdar Group operates mostly in Tirah valley, Khyber Agency-Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).[16]

 

Linkages   Till 2008, the organization had close links with Taliban and Al-Qaeda[17]. As mentioned earlier, the members of the outfit have joined the massive 180,000 force of “Lashkar e Islam”.[18]
 
Tools   Print Media:
According to the information acquired, LI is not active on print media.
 
    Audio / Video:
Haji Namdar utilized an illegal fm radio station to spread his ideology amongst the locals in the region[19]

Social Media:
Not Available
 

web site   Not Available
Service Delivery   It won public support by concentrating on the security and was also involved in resolving old tribal disputes.[20]
Name Variations   Haji Namdar’s group is also referred to as:
• Amar Bin Maroof Wa Nahi Munkir (which means, Promotion of Virtue and Suppression of Vice)[21].
 

Who they are

Haji Namdar group is a militant Islamic outfit that is primarily concerned with the execution of Sharia law within the district Baara- Khyber Agency area of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan. Its founder, Haji Inamdar is dead but the group is still believed to be a threat in the region. Later the group was hired by Taliban and Al-Qaeda, for attacking the NATO forces supply in Pakistan-Afghanistan border and assisting Taliban in their fight against the US in Afghanistan[22]. The group is accused of having contacts with Al-Qaeda and Taliban and has been carrying out violent activities in the area since its inception in 2004. The organization was originally established as a non-violent organization for enforcing Shariah law in the region, however with time, it resorted to violence. They have adopted violent means of enforcing their ideology. For instance, music was banned along with the television and every worshipper was made to sign the mosque's register in order to confirm they had offered prayers[23].

History

The organization was originally established in 2004 by the co-founder of “Lashkar e Islam” Haji Namdar as a non-violent organized for enforcing Shariah law in the region. The organization followed the model of Taliban in enforcing strict interpretation of Islamic Shariah. It won public support by concentrating on the security. According to sources, initially it was also involved in resolving old tribal [24]. Later on it also became an ally of Taliban in their fight against the US in Afghanistan. The founder of the organization, Haji Namdar initially used an illegal fm radio station to spread his ideology amongst the locals. In 2008, Namdar deceived his partners and turned against the Taliban to earn a reward from US in return of identifying the whereabouts of the hiding Taliban. This move didn’t help him much as the extremist groups in the region as well as Taliban turned their focus to hunting down the traitor, Namdar. Eventually, he was killed in August 2008 [25]. After his death, most of the members moved to “Lashkar e Islam” and currently a pose a threat to the security of the region.

Organization's Message

Haji Namdar Group is a Salafi Islamist organization that aims at implementing Sharia within their constituency- the Khyber Agency area of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan. Moreover, they also aim at wiping out the non-Muslims from Afghanistan[26].

Target Audience

Not known. 
 

Tools

Not known. 
 

Splinter Groups

N/A

 

 

 

References:

[1] Asian Human Rights Commission. (2013). PAKISTAN: The government bans secular and nationalist groups to appease the fundamentalist and Taliban groups. Retrieved on; September 10th 2013. Retrieved from;http://www.humanrights.asia/news/urgent-appeals/AHRC-UAC-058-2013

[2] Terrorism research and analysis consortium. (TRAC). Haji Namdar Group. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/haji-namdar-group

[3] Asia Times. 2008. Smoke and mirrors in the Khyber Valley. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/JG01Df01.html

[4] BBC News. Vice-and-virtue battle in Khyber valley. Retrieved on September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3597478.stm

[5] Asia Times. 2008. Smoke and mirrors in the Khyber Valley. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/JG01Df01.html

[6] AdnKronos International.
Pakistan: Pro-Taliban militant survives attack but faces ban. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.adnkronos.com/AKI/English/Security/?id=1.0.2298895158

[7] MAPPING MILITANT ORGANIZATIONS. Lashkar-e-Islam. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:

 http://www.stanford.edu/group/mappingmilitants/cgi-bin/groups/view/445

[8] Asia Times. 2008. Smoke and mirrors in the Khyber Valley. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/JG01Df01.html

[9] AdnKronos International. Pakistan: Pro-Taliban militant survives attack but faces ban. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.adnkronos.com/AKI/English/Security/?id=1.0.2298895158

[10] BBC News. 2008. Pakistan militant leader killed. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7557765.stm

[11] What is Salafism and should we be worried? Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:
http://www.theweek.co.uk/politics/6073/what-salafism-and-should-we-be-worried

[12] Terrorism research and analysis consortium. (TRAC). Haji Namdar Group. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/haji-namdar-group

[13] The Express Tribune. 2012. List of banned organizations in Pakistan. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://tribune.com.pk/story/456294/list-of-banned-organisations-in-pakistan/

[14] AdnKronos International. Pakistan: Pro-Taliban militant survives attack but faces ban. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.adnkronos.com/AKI/English/Security/?id=1.0.2298895158

[15] BBC News. Vice-and-virtue battle in Khyber valley. Retrieved on September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3597478.stm

[16] Asia Times. 2008. Smoke and mirrors in the Khyber Valley. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/JG01Df01.html

[17] Asia Times. 2008. Smoke and mirrors in the Khyber Valley. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/JG01Df01.html

[18] Terrorism research and analysis consortium. (TRAC). Haji Namdar Group. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/haji-namdar-group

[19] BBC News. Vice-and-virtue battle in Khyber valley. Retrieved on September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3597478.stm

[20] Ibid

[21] Asian Human Rights Commission. (2013). PAKISTAN: The government bans secular and nationalist groups to appease the fundamentalist and Taliban groups. Retrieved on; September 10th 2013. Retrieved from;http://www.humanrights.asia/news/urgent-appeals/AHRC-UAC-058-2013

[22] AdnKronos International. Pakistan: Pro-Taliban militant survives attack but faces ban. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:http://www.adnkronos.com/AKI/English/Security/?id=1.0.2298895158

[23] BBC News. 2008. Pakistan militant leader killed. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7557765.stm

[24] BBC News. Vice-and-virtue battle in Khyber valley. Retrieved on September 10th 2013. Retrieved from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3597478.stm

[25] ibid

[26] ibid