The group was formed in 1985 in central Punjab Pakistan.
It is a splinter group of Harkat-ul Jihad al-Islami (HuJI).
Leader/Founder-Fazlur Rehman Khalil
1989-2000-Fazlur Rehman Khalil established the
organization and remained the commander of HuM since
1989 to 2000.
He is also known as the leader of Harakat ul-Ansar (HuA).
After acquiring education from Binoria Town Madrassah in
Karachi, he established training camps across
Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
1998- He signed bin Laden's fatwa in February 1998,
calling for attacks on US and Western interests.
Figure 1: Fazlur
Farooq Kashmiri took the reins of the organization after
Khalil and currently is leading the outfit.
Saadatullah Khan, recent commander of HuM became
commander in 1997. He was a leader of HuA . No more
information is available regarding all the leaders
interpretation states that a Muslim’s first loyalty is
to his religion and then to the country of which he is a
resident or citizen. Its practioners also have an
obligation to go to any country to wage jihad to protect
the Muslims of that country. In other words, a global
understanding of their role. The Deobandi interpretation
of Islam is widely practiced in Pakistan. They also
share the Taliban’s restrictive view of women and regard
Shiites as non Muslims and are also against Ahmadis.
information is available, however, according to study of
terrorism and responses of terrorism, there were about
300 members of Harkat ul Mujahideen in 2008.
They get funds
Donations within the country and from abroad.
Proscribed-2003: The outfit changed name to
jamiat-ul-Ansar which was banned in Pakistan in November
2001- US banned it in September, 25, 2001, due to attack
on New York and Washington in the US on September, 11,
2005- HuM was included in the list of Foreign Terrorist
Organizations (FTOs) in 2005.
Present-It is in list of UK, Australia and Canada
proscribed group and U.S. State Department Foreign
Terrorist Organizations: October 8, 1997 to Present and
United Nations: October 6, 2001 to Present.
tools & demographics
It is reported
that their members are mostly uneducated and unemployed.
For recruiting they use:
Speeches in mosques and
The web to target their audience.
They have strong linkages with Jamiat-ul-Ulama-i-Islam
(JUI) so they recruit from the madrassas run by JUI.
established to fight against soviet forces in
Afghanistan. Their aim is to set Islamic rule in Indian
occupied Kashmir and want to liberate it from India .
3)Jammu & Kashmir
HuM has close
linkages with a religious political party
Jamiat-ul-Ulama-i-Islam (JUI) Pakistan. One of the
commanders of HuM (Fazlur Rehman) was the leader of that
HuM was the part of Osama bin Ladin's "Islamic World
Front for the struggle against the Jews and the
1. Monthly Al-Irshad
Websites (working links)
Note: After the release of Masood Azhar from Indian jail
(Ex- leader of HuM) formed Jaish e Muhammad (JeM)
majority of their members joined JeM.
Audio / Video:
different name variations that the group is referred to:
• Harkat-ul-Jehad-al-Islami (HuJI)
• Harkat-ul-Ansar (HuA)
• Jamiat ul Ansar (JuA)
• Al- Faran.
Who they are
Pakistan based militant group. Their original mission was to take part in
jihad against soviet forces in Afghanistan. When these forces left
Afghanistan in 1989 they started fighting against India in Indian occupied
Kashmir. They still actively continue to carry out operations in Indian
Mujahdeen was formed in 1985 by ex-leader of JUI Fazlur Rehman Khalil. It
was also known as the fraction of Harkat-ul-jihad-i-islami.
1993-Then in 1993 Harkat ul-Ansar was formed with the merger of two groups
Harkat ul-Jihad al-Islami and Harkat ul-Mujahedin by Maulana Saadatullah
In 1997 due to its association with Osama bin ladin it was declared as
terrorist organization by US.
In 1998 they change the name of Organization as Harkat ul-Mujahideen . They
want to establish Islamic rule in Jammu and Kashmir and want freedom of
Indian occupied Kashmir.
In 2003 changed name to jamiat-ul-Ansar which was banned in Pakistan in
November 2003 .
2001- US banned it in September, 25, 2001, due to attack on New York and
Washington in the US on September, 11, 2001.
2005-HuM was included in the list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs)
in 2005. However, in 1997 they changed their name from Harkat ul-Ansar to
Harkat ul-Mujahdeen because US listed them in terrorist outfit due to their
linkages with Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda.
HuM is sunni
outfit and Deobandi, it is said that they have Wahabism thoughts and
following the ideology of Taliban
unemployed quarters within the society.
According to reports they use ads, pamphlets and websites .
Their magazines were proscribed.
Now they do not have any website, magazine and any other offline or online tool with the name of group and magazines.