Name of Organization   HARKAT-UL -MUJAHAIDEEN

 

Formation  

Established-1985
The group was formed in 1985 in central Punjab Pakistan. It is a splinter group of Harkat-ul Jihad al-Islami (HuJI).
 

 

Leadership  

Main Leader/Founder-Fazlur Rehman Khalil
1989-2000-Fazlur Rehman Khalil established the organization and remained the commander of HuM since 1989 to 2000.
He is also known as the leader of Harakat ul-Ansar (HuA). After acquiring education from Binoria Town Madrassah in Karachi, he established training camps across Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
1998- He signed bin Laden's fatwa in February 1998, calling for attacks on US and Western interests.

Figure 1: Fazlur Rehman

Current Leader
Farooq Kashmiri took the reins of the organization after Khalil and currently is leading the outfit.
Other Leader
Saadatullah Khan, recent commander of HuM became commander in 1997. He was a leader of HuA . No more information is available regarding all the leaders mentioned above.

School of Thought   Sunni Deobandi

Deobandi interpretation states that a Muslim’s first loyalty is to his religion and then to the country of which he is a resident or citizen. Its practioners also have an obligation to go to any country to wage jihad to protect the Muslims of that country. In other words, a global understanding of their role. The Deobandi interpretation of Islam is widely practiced in Pakistan. They also share the Taliban’s restrictive view of women and regard Shiites as non Muslims and are also against Ahmadis.
 

 

Structure of the Organization  

No clear information is available, however, according to study of terrorism and responses of terrorism, there were about 300 members of Harkat ul Mujahideen in 2008.

 

Financial Resources  

They get funds from:
 Mosques,
 Sale publications
 Magazines and
 Donations within the country and from abroad.
 

 

Status  

Proscribed-2003: The outfit changed name to jamiat-ul-Ansar which was banned in Pakistan in November 2003.
2001- US banned it in September, 25, 2001, due to attack on New York and Washington in the US on September, 11, 2001 .
2005- HuM was included in the list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) in 2005.
Present-It is in list of UK, Australia and Canada proscribed group and U.S. State Department Foreign Terrorist Organizations: October 8, 1997 to Present and United Nations: October 6, 2001 to Present.
 

 

Recruitment tools & demographics  

It is reported that their members are mostly uneducated and unemployed. For recruiting they use:
 Magazine ads,
 Pamphlets,
 Speeches in mosques and
 The web to target their audience.
 They have strong linkages with Jamiat-ul-Ulama-i-Islam (JUI) so they recruit from the madrassas run by JUI.
 

 

Ideology  

It was established to fight against soviet forces in Afghanistan. Their aim is to set Islamic rule in Indian occupied Kashmir and want to liberate it from India . 

 

Areas of Operation   1)Afghanistan
2) India
3)Jammu & Kashmir
4) Myanmar
5) Pakistan
6) Philippines
7) Russia
8) Tajikistan.
 

 

Linkages  

HuM has close linkages with a religious political party Jamiat-ul-Ulama-i-Islam (JUI) Pakistan. One of the commanders of HuM (Fazlur Rehman) was the leader of that political party.
HuM was the part of Osama bin Ladin's "Islamic World Front for the struggle against the Jews and the Crusaders"
 

Tools  

Magazines (proscribed):
1. Monthly Al-Irshad
2. Sada-e-Mujahid
3. Al-Hilal
Websites (working links)
Not found
Note: After the release of Masood Azhar from Indian jail (Ex- leader of HuM) formed Jaish e Muhammad (JeM) majority of their members joined JeM.
 

    Audio / Video:
Unknown 

Social Media:
Unknown 
Facebook:
Unknown 
 
 

web site   Not Available
Name Variations   Following are different name variations that the group is referred to:
• Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
• Harkat-ul-muihaidin
• Harkat-ul-Jehad-al-Islami (HuJI)
• Harkat-ul-Ansar (HuA)
• Jamiat ul Ansar (JuA)
• Al- Faran.
 
 

Who they are

They are Pakistan based militant group. Their original mission was to take part in jihad against soviet forces in Afghanistan. When these forces left Afghanistan in 1989 they started fighting against India in Indian occupied Kashmir. They still actively continue to carry out operations in Indian occupied Kashmir.

History

1985-Harkat ul Mujahdeen was formed in 1985 by ex-leader of JUI Fazlur Rehman Khalil. It was also known as the fraction of Harkat-ul-jihad-i-islami.
1993-Then in 1993 Harkat ul-Ansar was formed with the merger of two groups Harkat ul-Jihad al-Islami and Harkat ul-Mujahedin by Maulana Saadatullah Khan.
In 1997 due to its association with Osama bin ladin it was declared as terrorist organization by US.
In 1998 they change the name of Organization as Harkat ul-Mujahideen . They want to establish Islamic rule in Jammu and Kashmir and want freedom of Indian occupied Kashmir.
In 2003 changed name to jamiat-ul-Ansar which was banned in Pakistan in November 2003 .
2001- US banned it in September, 25, 2001, due to attack on New York and Washington in the US on September, 11, 2001.
2005-HuM was included in the list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) in 2005. However, in 1997 they changed their name from Harkat ul-Ansar to Harkat ul-Mujahdeen because US listed them in terrorist outfit due to their linkages with Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda.

Organization's Message

HuM is sunni outfit and Deobandi, it is said that they have Wahabism thoughts and following the ideology of Taliban

Target Audience

Uneducated and unemployed quarters within the society.

Tools

According to reports they use ads, pamphlets and websites . Their magazines were proscribed. Now they do not have any website, magazine and any other offline or online tool with the name of group and magazines.

Splinter Groups

N/A

 

 

 

 

References: