Name of Organization   Hizb ut-Tahrir Pakistan (HuT)

 

Formation  

HuT was established in 1952 in Jerusalem as a Sunni Muslim political organization by Taqiuddin- al Nabhani (a religious scholar and a session judge from Palestine) with the aim of uniting all the Muslim states in the world by forming a Khilafat (caliphate) that would be run under the Islamic Shariah Law. HuT, since its inception has spread to more than 40 different countries including US, UK and Pakistan. HuT Pakistan was formally established in Pakistan during the year 2000 by Imtiaz Malik. 

 

Leadership   Imtiaz Malik

A British born Pakistani, Imtiaz was the founder as well as the underground leader of HuT in Pakistan for a very long period. He was sent along with nine other members of the HuT (UK) in 1990s (no information regarding the other nine leaders is available) to Pakistan in order to establish HuT Pakistan. Current status and whereabouts of Imtiaz Malik are unknown.

Naveed Butt

The official spokesperson of the group, Naveed is a scholar and an activist. He spent his early life in Islamabad, Pakistan and later moved to US (University of Illinois, Chicago) from where he completed his graduation in electrical engineering. It is believed; he joined the HuT while studying in US. Naveed is considered as the face of the HuT Pakistan. In May 2012, Naveed was picked up by intelligence agencies of Pakistan on suspicion of inciting violence in the country. He has been missing since then.

Imran Yousafzai

Prominent leader of HuT Pakistan, Imran hails from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. He was also picked up by the intelligence in 2012 and his whereabouts are currently unknown. Moreover, no other information related to Imran is available.
Shehzad Sheikh
Deputy spokesman of HuT Pakistan and the main recruiter of the party in Karachi. No more information is available.
 

 

School of Thought   Islam - Sharia (Islamic Law)

Sharia which is the body of Islam is actually "way" or "path". It is the lawful skeleton within which the both the public and private aspects of life are monitored for those following Islam as their religion. Sharia deals with all aspects of day-to-day life,including politics, economics, banking, business law, contract law, sexuality, and social issues. There is not a strictly codified uniform set of laws that can be called Sharia. It is more like a system of several laws, based on the Qur'an, Hadith and centuries of debate, interpretation and precedent. Organizations like HuT have made changes to the original Shariah Law and have come up with their own interpretations (a much rigid and radical one).
 

 

Structure of the Organization  

HuT has a massive network and it operates in more than 50 countries worldwide including US, UK, Russia, Germany, Turkey, Bangladesh, Australia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and etc. They claim to have more than one million members globally. They do not have any offices in Pakistan because of security concerns. Therefore, Pakistan’s affairs are handled from different other countries. HuT dejects the phenomenon of ‘leaders’ within the group and all members enjoy the same status. An interesting fact is most of the members know a very little about other members of the group. The members are given different assignments and they are bound to follow it.

 

Financial Resources  

The financial operations of the organization are rather unknown. However according to a source, they acquire their funding mostly from contributions and donations from their Middle Eastern and UK’s branches. It is believed that HuT’s headquarter in London, UK raises most of the group’s financial funding. For more information regarding their sources click here
 

Status  

Proscribed and active.
The organization has been proscribed in most of the countries where it operates. In Pakistan, the HuT was Proscribed in 2004 by the Country’s President at that time General Pervaiz Musharraf.

 

Recruitment tools & demographics  

HuT’s recruitment developments are primarily aimed at students and middle class professionals. Moreover, HuT also targets the frustrated youth and Muslim immigrants in different countries that have lost their faith in the system in which they subside and ones that share anti-Western sentiments.
 

Ideology  

HuT aims at establishing Khilafat (caliphate) and abolishing democratic system in Muslim countries such as Pakistan.

For detailed information click here
 

Areas of Operation   HuT operates in 40-50 countries worldwide. These include Middle Eastern, South Asian, EU and Central Asian countries.
 
Linkages   While HuT Pakistan has no links with any other terrorist party, the International HuT is accused of having ties with terrorist groups operating in different countries. Names of those terrorist organizations are unknown.
 
Tools   Print Media:

HuT is very active when it comes to print media. They have magazines, books, pamphlets leaflets, open letters and etc. All of the mentioned are being used by the organization to spread its message to its followers. Their two prominent magazines are:
• Khilafat Magazine
• Nussrah Magazine.
Their prominent and renowned books include
• The role of Muslim Women in Re-establishing the Khilafah
• The Economic System in Islam, the Social System in Islam.

Khilafat Magazines Issues [Download]

To download various articles & publications click here
 

    Audio / Video:
LeT use audios and videos to spread their messages to their followers. These audios and videos are available on their websites.

Download videos:

Video 1

Video 2

Social Media:
HuT is active on social media. It has pages on Facebook and account on Twitter that is monitored by the group members.

Facebook page:
https://www.facebook.com/Khilafah.Movement.Pakistan 

Twitter:
https://twitter.com/HTmediaPAK 
 
 

web site   Websites:
With the help of various websites, HuT not only spreads it message to its educated followers but also recruits its members. Some of their websites are namely:

http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.info/info/
http://www.khilafat.dk/
http://www.hizb-pakistan.com/hizb/

 

Name Variations   No known name variations of Hizb ut-Tahrir exist.
 

Who they are

Hizb-ut-Tahrir (HuT) is an extremist, international pan-Islamic political group which aims at uniting all Muslims in the world under one political entity, ruled by its own interpretation of Shariah (in short, establishment of caliphate in many countries including Pakistan). According to their own interpretation of Shariah, "Every male Muslim, fifteen years and over, is obliged to undergo military training in readiness for jihad and non-Muslims are enemies of Muslims and should be attacked and wiped out even if they don’t initiate the attack". While the organization is not directly linked to any violent cases in different countries over the years, it is believed to have some kind of connection with them.

With branches in over forty countries, including both Islamic and Western countries, HuT does not refrain from using violence to achieve its goals and that is what makes it a dangerous organization. Hizb ut Tahrir is seen as a major threat to the state or even as a terrorist group. HuT rejects the democratic system of Government and therefore one of the objectives of HuT is also to fight against colonialism and to free the Muslim Ummah from the west’s political and economic systems. It wants to impose the Caliphate in almost 45 countries. HuT was established In Pakistan in early 2000s by Imtiaz Malik and since then it has been trying to cement its foot in the country. Hizbut Tahrir focuses on a six points agenda under the system of Caliphate:

• Economic Reform
• Justice Reform
• Foreign Policy
• Good Governance
• Social Justice
• Education
It has been proscribed in most of the countries it is operating and in 2004 it was also banned in Pakistan for showing dissatisfaction on the policies of the government, distributing leaflets against the unacceptable policies all across the country

.

History

HuT was formed in Jerusalem in 1953 by Taqiuddin an-Nabhani (a religious scholar and an appeal court judge in the Shariah court in Jerusalem), with a goal to establish an expansionist super-state they would describe the Khilafah (caliphate). A similar organization was established in Egypt in 1928 by former associate of Muslim Brotherhood, however according to Nabhani the Brotherhood with time had turned too compliant in its ideology and therefore Nabhani went on to set up the more radical HuT in 1953. Nabhani considered capitalism and democracy as kufr (apostasy), which to date remains a basic principle of HT’s ideology, and declared that Islam and Non-Muslims could not coexist. He set out the goal for HuT to fuse all Muslims of the world under one political entity governed by his interpretation of Shariah.

Initially in 1950s, HuT’s political activities were mostly limited to Jordan, the West Bank and Lebanon, however, the fame of the party enhanced in other Middle Eastern countries in the 1960s. This increase in the popularity was followed by HuT erecting military coups in the early 1970s in a failed bid to clutch authority in Syria, Iraq and Jordan. The failure of the coup led to the defamation of the organization and loss of support in the Middle East and this caused most of the leaders and members of the group to move to Europe and set up the organization there. In no time, HuT gathered support from Muslim migrants living in different parts of Europe. After the fall of the Soviet Union, HuT also made inroads into Central Asia in the latter half of the 1990s.

HuT Pakistan was formed during1990’s by Imtiaz Malik. It was formally established in Pakistan during the year 2000. Imtiaz Malik himself and other leaders of the organization laid the basis of this organization in Lahore and Karachi. They held first national level conference in Lahore during 2003. After 3 days of this conference, the organization was banned by the Pakistani government.

Organization's Message

The organization aims at setting up an Islamic Caliphate all over the world.

Target Audience

The target audiences of the group are educated people and professionals like journalists, teachers, bureaucrats, engineers. HuT recruits students from prominent universities as well. They are spreading their ideology via mobiles, twitter, Facebook, and websites. They are using the print and electronic media very affectively.

Tools

THizb ut-Tahrir has a number of tools which include the print media and social media as well.
The Print Media includes –magazines, Khilafah magazine, Nussrah Magazine and other books.
Books- The role of Muslim Women in Re establishing Khilafah, The Economic System in Islam, The Social System in Islam etc.
All of this is available on http://www.hizb-pakistan.com/ 
Social Media includes twitter account https://twitter.com/HTmediaPAK and Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/Khilafah.Movement.Pakistan


This website is available in 5 languages i:e English, Urdu, Arabic, Turkish and Deutsch. Content available on this website is given below:
• Dawah News
• Leaflets
• Hizbut Tahrir
• Multimedia
• Magazines
• Articles


Download complete detail of tools used by Hisb - ut - Tehrir here.

 
 

Splinter Groups

N/A

 

 

References:

[1] Global Security. Retrieved on 9th October 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/hizb-ut-Tahrir.htm

[2] Malik, Shiv. (2004). For Allah and the caliphate, New Statesman. Retrieved on: 8th October 8, 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.newstatesman.com/node/148823

[3] Rana, Muhammad. Profile Hizbut Tahrir in Pakistan: Discourse and Impact. Retrieved on 8th October 2013.

[4]The Express Tribune. 2012. HuT Spokesman abducted. Retrieved on: 8th October 2013. Retrieved from: http://tribune.com.pk/story/377573/hut-spokesman-abducted/

[5] Abbasi.Obaid. (2011). Missing persons case: Court miffed by ISI’s lack of ‘serious efforts’. Retrieved on: 8th October 2013. Retrieved from:

 http://tribune.com.pk/story/230273/missing-persons-case-court-miffed-by-isis-lack-of-serious-efforts/

[6] Sharia Law Islamic Sharia Law. Sharia Law. Retrieved on: October 9, 2013. Retrieved from:

http://www.billionbibles.org/sharia/sharia-law.html

[7] Sharia Law Islamic Sharia Law. Sharia Law. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:

http://www.billionbibles.org/sharia/sharia-law.html

[8] Rana, Muhammad. Profile Hizbut Tahrir in Pakistan: Discourse and Impact. Retrieved on 8th October 2013.

[9] Transnational Terrorism, Security and the rule of Law. (2007). Hizb ut Tahrir al Islami

(Islamic Party of Liberation). Retrieved on: October 8th 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.transnationalterrorism.eu/tekst/publications/Hizb%20ut%20Tahrir%20al%20Islami.pdf

[10] Rana, Muhammad. Profile Hizbut Tahrir in Pakistan: Discourse and Impact. Retrieved on 8th October 2013.

[11] Transnational Terrorism, Security and the rule of Law. (2007). Hizb ut Tahrir al Islami

(Islamic Party of Liberation). Retrieved on: October 8th 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.transnationalterrorism.eu/tekst/publications/Hizb%20ut%20Tahrir%20al%20Islami.pdf

[12] Rana, Muhammad. Profile Hizbut Tahrir in Pakistan: Discourse and Impact. Retrieved on 8th October 2013.

[13] Transnational Terrorism, Security and the rule of Law. (2007). Hizb ut Tahrir al Islami

(Islamic Party of Liberation). Retrieved on: October 8th 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.transnationalterrorism.eu/tekst/publications/Hizb%20ut%20Tahrir%20al%20Islami.pdf

[14] ibid

[15] Rana, Muhammad. Profile Hizbut Tahrir in Pakistan: Discourse and Impact. Retrieved on 8th October 2013.

[16] http://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/3959/hizb-ut-tahrir-canada

[17] Hizb ut Tahrir. Retrieved on: 9th October , 2013. Retrieved from:http://english.hizbuttahrir.org/index.php/about-us

[18] Rana, Muhammad. Profile Hizbut Tahrir in Pakistan: Discourse and Impact. Retrieved on 8th October 2013.

[19] Pakistan Today. (2012). Ban on Hizb-ut-Tahrir. Retrieved on: 8th October 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2012/07/22/comment/editors-mail/ban-on-hizb-ut-tahrir/

[20] Rana, Muhammad. Profile Hizbut Tahrir in Pakistan: Discourse and Impact. Retrieved on 8th October 2013.

[21]ibid 

[22] Accessed online from http://www.thefridaytimes.com/beta2/tft/article.php?issue=20110819&page=5  Hizbut Tahrir: Organization and Outreach. Report. By Zia u r Rehman. Date of access 12th July 2013

[23] http://x.dawn.com/2012/08/30/could-pakistans-social-media-become-a-bastion-of-extremism/

[24] Sharia Law Islamic Sharia Law. Sharia Law. Retrieved on: September 10th 2013. Retrieved from:

http://www.billionbibles.org/sharia/sharia-law.html

[25] http://www.irfi.org/articles/articles_1601_1650/roots_of_democracy_in_islam.htm