Name of Organization   Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM)

 

Formation  

The organization was formed in January 2000 by Maulana Masood Azhar (former General secretary of Harkat-al Mujahdeen), soon after he was released during the terrorists for hostage swap of December 31, 1999, following the hijacking of the Indian Airlines Flight IC 814.
The development of the organization was approved by three religious school leaders, Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai of the Majlis-e-Tawan-e-Islami (MT), Maulana Mufti Rashid Ahmed of the Dar-ul Ifta-e-wal-Irshad and Maulana Sher Ali of the Sheikh-ul-Hadith Dar-ul Haqqania. No significant information regarding the three organizations is available.

 

Leadership   Maulana Masood Azhar: Founder

Masood Azhar, the founder of JeM was born in 1968 in Bahawalpur to a Sunni family. He acquired his primary education from a local Madrassah/religious school in Bahawalpur. After passing the 7th grade from Rahim Yar Khan, he went to Karachi and from 1980 to 1989, he remained in Binoria Town Madrassah (Home of Deobandi movement in 20th century). In 1980’s he joined a group of young Mujahedeen (Freedom Fighters), and became the member of Harkat ul-Mujahideen and after some time became a teacher at the same Madrassah. During 1988 he went to Afghanistan for Jihad and got his training from there as well. After his return to Pakistan, he started preaching Jihad in Sindh. In 1994, while he was on a mission in Jammu and Kashmir, he was arrested by Indian authorities and was later released during the terrorists for hostage swap of December 31, 1999, following the hijacking of the Indian Airlines Flight IC 814.

Abdur Rauf Azhar: Senior leader

A senior leader of the organization who served as the acting leader of the outfit in 2007, Azhar is also the intelligence coordinator and was one of the most senior commanders in India. In 2008, he organized suicide attacks on Indian soil. Azhar has been involved with JeM’s political wing and recruitment of members as well as their training.

 

School of Thought   Deobandi

Deobandi interpretation states that a Muslim’s first loyalty is to his religion and then to the country of which he is a resident or citizen. Its practioners also have an obligation to go to any country to wage jihad to protect the Muslims of that country. In other words, a global understanding of their role. The Deobandi interpretation of Islam is widely practiced in Pakistan. They also share the Taliban’s restrictive view of women and regard Shiites as non Muslims and are also against Ahmadis.

 

Structure of the Organization  

Jaish-e-Mohammed is part of the Islamist terror network with its base in Pakistan. It has offices in different cities of Pakistan as well as Jammu and Kashmir and all of them serve as schools of Jihad. Exact whereabouts of these offices are unknown. It has finance, a military affairs department as well as the Nazim propaganda Wing, all that are headed by various members of outfit. Most of the members of the organization are the former leaders of Harkat ul Mujahdeen.

 

Financial Resources  

The organization prior to 2002, acquired charity mostly from Al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden. With time, they have diversified their resources by spending the remainders of aid from Al-Qaeda in different legal businesses such as commodity trading, real estate etc. They also acquire funds through charity (by collecting funds through donation requests in magazines and pamphlets). Currently, JeM’s charity arm Al-Rahmat Trust, carries out fund raising activities using legalized banking routes and by seeking donations in the name of building mosques and carrying out social work.

 

Status  

Disbanded and proscribed in 2002 by Pakistan. Working under the tag of Al-Rehmat Trust currently.

 

Recruitment tools & demographics  

JeM mainly hires members from semi-urban areas and madrasas in the hamlets of Pakistan. JeM members have organized several recruitment rallies throughout Pakistan since 2002, calling youth to indulge in jihad. Moreover, the outfit also recruits internationally (Kashmiri and Pakistani emigrants in Britain) and also has significant number of Afghani members in the group.

 

Ideology  

JeM is a Deobandi outfit that seeks to fuse Jammu and Kashmir with Pakistan. Moreover, JeM also campaigns for the "destruction" of America and India because it believes both these Non-Muslim countries are a threat to Muslims worldwide. In recent years, JeM has also added sectarian minority groups in Pakistan to its hit-list. JeM apparently aims at promoting Wahabi ideology through charity including development of mosques, carrying out social work and providing relief to imprisoned Muslims abroad, however on the back end, they have been carrying out activities that have caused to damage to humanity worldwide.

 

Areas of Operation  

Jaish-e-Mohammed has mostly limited its operations within J&K. The few recorded cases of its operations outside J&K have been the December 13, 2001, Parliament attack in New Delhi and the assassination attempts on Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf in 2003. However, in recent times, elements inside JeM have widened the group's targets to officials of the Pakistani state and Western existence in Pakistan. Evidences suggest that Jaish-e-Muhammad was behind the kidnapping and the murder of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in January 2002.

 

Linkages   JeM is alleged to have links with Al-Qaeda, Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP) and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ).
 
Tools   Print Media:
From the information acquired they have utilized books, newspapers, magazines and pamphlets for promoting their activities. All the information regarding these publications
Is available at www.rangonoor.com and all other websites of JeM available on internet.

Audio:

Poems by Abu Jandal

Sermons

Other poems

Speeches for women
 

   

Audio / Video:
Not only are they using publications to achieve their agenda, but are using multimedia as a tool as well. Various songs, speeches, sermons, conferences and column (Audio and Video) related to Jihad are Available at www.rangonoor.com
 

Social Media:
JeM is highly active on social media. They are using it as a tool to spread their ideology, market their publications and sermons (both audio and video) as well as to acquire donations in form of charity. They have various pages on Facebook, all that are monitored actively by the members of the organization.
Facebook:
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Jaish-E-Muhammad/316955705074240
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Jaish-e-Muhammad-SAW/476242039064007
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Jaish-e-muhammadsaw/345438695544879
https://www.facebook.com/fathuljawwad313 
https://www.facebook.com/MasnoonNamaz 
https://www.facebook.com/onlinealqalam 
https://www.facebook.com/MusalmanBachay?fref=ts 
https://www.facebook.com/maria.barina89 
https://www.facebook.com/banaateayesha 
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Molana-Masood-Azhar/537845172893206 
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Moulana-Masood-Azhar/170634509634662
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Moulana-Masood-Azhar/180434858701989
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Assalamualaekum/274659599328960
https://www.facebook.com/Nisbah.deoband1
https://www.facebook.com/pages/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D9%84%D9%85-%D9%86%DB%8C%D9%-88%D8%B2Al-Qalam-News/122856314573032
https://www.facebook.com/mabsns786
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Islam/117616965090203
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Madrassa-banat-e-ayesha/141050316047345

 

web site  

JeM has various websites on the internet. While few of them have been banned by the State for obvious reasons, other still continue to function. Below is the list of both (proscribed) and (active) websites of the organization.
Websites (proscribed):
http://www.jhuf.net/
http://www.sadaaeislam.com/
http://www.pasbane-haram.com/
http://www.voice-of-islam.co.cc
http://www.jaish-forum.tk/
http://www.thelalmasjid.com/
http://www.youtube.com/thejaishmedia

Websites (working links)
www.alqalamonline.com
www.musalmanbachay.com
www.rangonoor.com
www.banateayesha.com
www.fathuljawwad.com
www.youtube.com/user/MrGhaziBaba1
http://jaish-forum.webs.com/
http://www.rangonoor.com/ihyaesunnat/index.html 
 

Service Delivery  

According to the available information, JeM, with the help of donations from charity and other businesses they are running, have erected more than 300 mosques in Pakistan and have been providing relief during the recent natural calamities. Moreover, it claims to be funding around 850-900 homes of the martyrs and Muslims imprisoned in India and other countries.

 

Name Variations   Following are different name variations that the group is referred to:
• Army of Muhammad
• Al-Rehmat Trust
• Army of the Prophet
• Jaish-e Muhammad Mujahideen-e Tanzeem
• Muhammad’s Army
• Jamaat-ul Furqaan
• Tehrik-ul Furqaan
• Khuddam-ul Islam
 

Who they are

Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) is an Islamic extremist terror organization that functions mostly in Jammu and Kashmir region. The outfit, like other terrorist groups in the region, has been using violence to affect a withdrawal of Indian security forces from J&K. It is an organization that is manned and controlled in Pakistan. Since its inception in January 2001, it has carried out several attacks in the form of “suicide attacks” on the Indian forces present in Jammu and Kashmir. The organization received major chunk of its funding from Al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden prior to 2002, and currently it is using charity to acquire funding. It has been proscribed in Pakistan since 2002, however despite the ban; it continues to function in different parts of the country.

While, JeM’s main target has been Jammu and Kashmir, in last few years, elements inside JeM have widened the group's targets to officials of the Pakistani state and Western existence in Pakistan. Evidences suggest that Jaish-e-Muhammad was behind the kidnapping and the murder of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in January 2002. Moreover, the organization is also believed to be involved in December 13, 2001, Parliament attack in New Delhi and the assassination attempts on Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf in 2003. JeM also campaigns for the "destruction" of America and India because it believes both these Non-Muslim countries are a threat to Muslims worldwide. In recent years, JeM has also added sectarian minority groups in Pakistan to its hit-list.

Since the organization is banned in Pakistan and throughout the globe, it is now working as Al-Rehmat Trust.

History

The organization was formed on January 31, 2000, by Maulana Masood Azhar in Karachi after he was released from an Indian jail following the episode of December 31, 1999, hijacking of the Indian Airlines Flight IC 814.

The development of the group was approved by three religious school leaders namely Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai of the Majlis-e-Tawan-e-Islami (MT), Maulana Mufti Rashid Ahmed of the Dar-ul Ifta-e-wal-Irshad and Maulana Sher Ali of the Sheikh-ul-Hadith Dar-ul Haqqania.

The outfit’s creation can be connected to the fame surrounding Masood Azhar after his release from India. Maulana Masood Azhar was the general secretary of Harkat-ul-Ansar (HuA) in 1994 and was on an assignment in J&K when he was detained on February 11 by Indian forces. When he was released, HuA had been proscribed by US, which forced the group to change its name to Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HuM). However, Masood Azhar instead of rejoining his old outfit, decided to float the new outfit with the name Jaish e Muhammad.

Organization's Message

Jaish e Muhammad’s aim is to merge Kashmir with Pakistan and to drive out foreign troops from war-plagued Afghanistan. Moreover, it also focuses on calling out the Muslims to age Jihad against the Non-Muslims using violent means.

Target Audience

The target audience for the activities carried out by the organization is mostly affluent individuals in Kashmir, Pakistan and Pakistani immigrants living in UK. With the help of service delivery and rallies, they also encourage people belonging to all age groups and both genders to join the outfit

Tools

A detailed study reveals that Jaish-e Muhammad’s tools for recruitment and disseminating their messages are diverse. These tools can be divided into two types i.e. offline and online tools. Our research has also pointed out that the group is quite efficient in use of both types of tools. It is also important to point out that many of the offline tools employed by JeM are not accessible by public at large, which decreases the efficiency of these tools. However, after reviewing the available online tools, it was revealed that many of the offline tools are reproduced online to increase their efficiency, effectiveness and outreach. Offline tools include:

• Newspaper
• Magazines
• Sermons
• Jihadist Songs
• Publications
• Posters
• Banners etc
• Relief activities
Online tools include:
• Websites
• Facebook Pages/groups
• Photos/Pictures
• Audio/video
• Online Sermons (Bayanaat)
• Online newspapers/magazines
• Blogs/ Forums

 


To view tools used by Jaish E Muhammad please
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Splinter Groups

 Jammat al Furqaan

Name of group

Jammat al Furqaan

Splinter group of

Jaish e Muhammad

Date of Separation 

2003

Status

Banned

Banning date

November 2003

Leader

Abdul Jabbar

Who they are?
Jammat ul Furqan is a breakaway group of Jaish e Muhammad led by Abdul Jabbar (alias Umer Farooq). Another splinter called Khuddam ul Islam was being led by Masood Azhar at that time during 2003, as Masood Azhar expelled Abdul Jabar and 12 other members who were involved in sectarian killings. These were banned in Pakistan in November 2003. Abdul Jabar was arrested in 2003 for assassination attempt against Pervez Musharaf but released in August 2004. A

 

 

 

 

References:

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