enforce Sharia law through Judicial reforms in the
Malakand Division of Pakistan, a region including Swat
valley . They are against the governmentís policies.
According to TNSM local tribal leaders and other
religious-political parties in Pakistan are following
western democracy. TNSM wants to impose Islamic judicial
system in Pakistan.
Sufi Muhammad, Founder TNSM
He belongs to
Maidan a small town of lower Dir.
was an active member of Jamaat-e-Islami in 1980ís, which
he quit in 1992. He inspired thousands of people to
fight in Afghanistan.
remained the leader of TNSM, until his incarceration.
Fazl Ullah became leader of TNSM in 2009 when Sufi
Muhammad was imprisoned after the organization was
declared banned. Sufi Muhammad is the father-in-law of
Mulana Fazlullah who was earlier the member of Tehrik-e
Taliban Pakistan. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government and TNSM
have agreed on the implementation of Sharia law in
Malakand, a region which covers one third of the Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa including Swat valley.
leader - Maulana Fazullah is the current leader of
TNSM, he is also known as Mullah radio or Mullah FM.
He used illegal radio broadcast to spread the
In Nov 2013 after the death of Hakim Ullah Mehsud he was
elected as the chief of Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan.
leaders-Maulana Faqir Mohammed and Maulana Liaqaut were
prominent leaders of TNSM.
They want to impose Sharia law.
Nefaz-e Shariat-e Mohammadi (TNSM) is a Sunni terrorist
group that is active in the Tribal areas of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Organizationís ideology is similar
to Taliban, as they want to impose Sharia law
Pakistan Journal of History and Culture the organization
had strength of around 10000 personnel in 2001.
According to New York Times in 2004 their strength was
about 4000 .
multiple financial resources including:
Maulana Fazl Ullahís money gathered from mosques and
madrassahs in local villages.
They get the support of local people through Maulanaís
illegal radio broadcast.
It is reported that they are also involved in some
criminal venture such as smuggling and trafficking.
It had been reported that before 2009, he controlled
Swat Valleyís emerald mines and was earning about a
third of the profits from these mines.
In the past, TNSM benefitted from Saudi and Gulf State
support. They are also involved in timber business
without any restriction from the government.
The outfit was proscribed by the Pakistani government on
January 12, 2002.
tools & demographics
their audience through:
Illegal radio broadcasts,
Recruitment bases and
Through like-minded mosques and other religious
With the collaboration of Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)
the organization expanded its activities.
organizationís aim was to enforce Sharia law through
Judicial reforms in the Malakand Division of Pakistan, a
region including Swat valley. According to their leader,
whoever opposes obligations of Sharia is wajib-ul-qatl
(worthy of death). They want to enforce Islamic judicial
system. TNSM is against all religio-political parties.
of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,
Malakand Agency and
Darail Tangeer Agency in the Federally Administered
Tribal Areas (FATA) are considered the stronghold of
ideology is aligned with Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP).
It is reported that in Malakand division and tribal
areas TNSM and Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) are in conflict.
are strongly affiliated with Afghan Taliban leader,
Mullah Omar. Mullah Fazl Ullah is son-in-law of Sufi
Muhammad. TNSM actively fought together with the Taliban
against the US and Northern Alliance forces in
Audio / Video:
the different name variations of TNSM:
Movement for the Enforcement of Islamic Law;
Movement for the Enforcement of Mohammadís Laws;
Tanzeem-e Nifaz-e Shariat-e Mohammadi;
Tehreek-e Nafaz-e Shariat-e Mohammadi;
Tehrik Nifaz-e Shariat Mohammadi andTNSM.
Who they are
Tehrik-e Nifaz-e Shariat-e Muhammadi is a tribal Sunni militant outfit which
announced to enforce Sharia in Malakand region and Bajaur Agency. This was
recognized under ď Nizam-e-Adal RegulationĒ 2009. The KPK govrnment agreed
with TNSM for enforcment of Shariat-i Muhammadi in accordance with Quran,
Sunnah, Ijma and Qias. TNSM signed a peace treaty with the government of KPK
but unfortunately did not abide by it resulting in a military operation and
the arrest of Sufi Muhammad. Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan agreed with TNSM with
regarding this agrement
TNSM is a
movement to enforce Islamic sharia in Malakand.
1989-This demand was put by a Pro-Taliban cleric Sufi Muhammad in 1989 under
the umbrella of Tehrik-e Nifaz-e Shariat-e Muhammadi (TNSM). It was
established when Sufi Muhammad separated from Jamat-e Islami in 1998, TNSM
reached peak during 1990s, then in 1994 after the 'Tor Patkai' i.e. black
turban movement. TNSMís demands were accepted in December, 1994. As a result
Nizam-e Shariat Regulation was enforced in the Malakand division.
Later in 1999 it was enforced in Swat and the rest of Malakand division and
Kohistan after some amendments in Nazam e Shariat Audience 1999. TNSM has
strong linkages with Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan. Their members fought with US
forces in Afghanistan
Sufi Muhammadís son in law, Fazl Ullah (AKA Mullah Radio) emerged as a
militant leader in Swat. From an illegal FM radio station he preached anti
government Islamic revolution.
Military operation-In 2007 Pakistan military launched operation to retake
Swat. During the same year Fazl Ullah merged TNSM with Baitullah Mehsud (TTP).
organizationís aim is to establish Sharia.
They are against democracy and pluralism
. TNSM is against all religio-political
parties according to them these parties are following the western democracy.
They want to enforce Islamic Sharia and Islamic judicial system.
audience includes people from:
Bajuar agency and
Some parts of Kohistan.
established 3 radio stations near Bajuar. Their leaders use illegal radio
broadcast for spreading religious and anti-government speeches and messages